Erect, about 700 mm tall perennial herb or small shrub with sprays of golden yellow, 5 petaled, 20 mm round, daisy like flowers in spring and early summer. It also reproduces from rhizomes and persistent root stocks. The leaves are opposite, light green with many translucent oil glands.
As A Soil Indicator:
Very low Calcium, Very low Potassium, Very high Phosphorous, Very high Magnesium, High Iron, High Copper, High Selenium, High Aluminum Very little organic matter, High Salt, , Prefers untilled but loose soils
Perennial. The plant reproduces from seed and vegetatively from underground rhizomes. Seeds germinate in the warmer months from October to March. They tend to remain vegetative and flower in their second season. Flowering stems emerge in spring, grow vigorously, and flower in summer. As the fruit capsule matures, the flowers turn brown and the leaves turn yellow in autumn as new shoots appear at the base of the plant. The old stems die off over winter but may remain standing for several months.
Used as an antidepressant in herbal medicine. Source of red and yellow dyes. Herbal tea for melancholy. Ornamental.
Fire hazard in plantations. Relatively unpalatable. Taints milk.
Affects fleece quality and causes vegetable fault. Toxic.
Toxic to horses, sheep, cattle and goats. Horses are most sensitive and goats least sensitive. Causes contact dermatitis in people. Both leaves and flowers may be toxic
Global Gardener is a documentary film series about the permaculture approach to sustainable agriculture. Bill Mollison, The father of Permaculture and auther of the permaculture designers manual along with Julian Russell produced the series for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; it premiered on Australian television in 1991.
Urban is the third part of this groundbreaking series.
A annual herb to 400 mm tall, with star and simple hairs, a basal rosette of leaves and erect stems bearing heart shaped pods. It has small, white 4 petalled flowers in winter and spring.
As A Soil Indicator:
Very low Calcium, High Phosphorous, Very high Magnesium, High Manganese, High Iron, High Sulphur, High Copper, High Zinc, High Boron, High Chloride, High Selenium, High Aluminum Very little organic matter, High Salt, , More common on heavy grey clays and red brown earths.
Annual. Germination occurs in autumn to early winter or spring. The mature plant is erect in habit with a rosette which, depending on competition at ground level, may persist for much of its life. It flowers in late winter to spring and dies in summer.
Cooked stems and leaves formerly used as a vegetable. Considered a medicinal herb.
May taint milk. May discolour egg yolks. Relatively unpalatable and grazed sparingly.
There have been report of animals that have died from fibre balls but only after consuming large quantities.